Cholecystectomy is removal of the gall bladder.

A cholecystectomy is most commonly performed to treat gallstones and the complications they cause. A cholecystectomy is recommended if you have:

  • Gallstones in the gallbladder (cholelithiasis)
  • Gallstones in the bile duct (choledocholithiasis)
  • Gallbladder inflammation (cholecystitis)
  • Large gallbladder polyps
  • Pancreas inflammation (pancreatitis) due to gallstones

Symptoms of Gall bladder disease

  • Pain in right side just below the ribs
  • Pain radiating to back
  • More after food intake
  • Vomiting
  • Jaundice
  • Fever

To cure gall stones , the entire gall bladder has to be removed. If a stone is blocing the bile pipe then an additional procedure called ERCP will have to be performed prior to gall bladder removal.

During a laparoscopic cholecystectomy (key hole method of removal of Gall bladder), Four small incisions are made in your abdomen. A tube with a tiny video camera is inserted into your abdomen through one of the incisions. With a video monitor in the operating room and using surgical tools inserted through the other incisions in your abdomen the gallbladder is removed. This procedure usually takes one or two hours.

A laparoscopic cholecystectomy isn’t appropriate for everyone. In some cases, the surgery may begin with a laparoscopic approach and it might be necessary to make a larger incision because of scar tissue from previous operations or complications.