Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin.A dermatologist is a specialist medical doctor who manages diseases related to skin, hair, nails, and some cosmetic problems. The best skin doctors care for people of all ages, from newborns to seniors. The skin is an incredible organ. It is your first line of defense against disease, protects your other organs, warms you up and cools you down, and sends messages about how healthy you are inside. Dermatologists are expert medical doctors and the best skin doctors with the unique skills and experience to offer the best care for the organ that cares for you.
We’re also trained in surgical dermatology, laser dermatology, and cosmetic dermatology as well. So the breadth of training for dermatologists is quite extensive and that allows us to really provide the best and optimal care for your skin, hair, and nails. Dermatologists can help individuals to overcome acne, examine skin spots, receive skin cancer screening, treat eczema or psoriasis, and more. They also recognize symptoms that appear on your skin which may indicate problems inside your body, like organ disease or fail.
Any medical ailment that affects the integumentary system, which is the organ system that surrounds the human body and includes the skin, hair, nails, and associated muscle and glands, is referred to as a skin condition.
Skin conditions are also known as cutaneous conditions.
Skin conditions can produce symptoms like redness, swelling, burning, and itching if they irritate, clog, or inflame your skin.
Dermatitis, hives, and other skin conditions can be brought on by allergies, irritants, your genetic make-up, certain illnesses, and issues with your immune system.
Numerous skin conditions, such as acne, have an effect on how you look. A variety of malignancies can potentially develop in your skin. Numerous skin conditions, according to research, are brought on by nutrient imbalances in the body.
Skin disease typically involves specialised diagnostic procedures linked to skin conditions, treatments, and preventions of different skin diseases. These treatments may include medications administered orally, topically, or intravenously, a variety of dermatologic surgical procedures, or cosmetic procedures like chemical peels, microdermabrasion, and sclerotherapy for conditions like varicose veins.
Cosmetic dermatology consists of
- adjusting skin colour
- removing creases
- removing facial or body hair
- lowering skin fat
- skin tightening
- Tattoo removal
- dealing with cellulite
- treating acne and scars from acne
A paediatric dermatologist is qualified and experienced to treat your kid if they have a skin condition such a birthmark, eczema, warts, or psoriasis.
Kid dermatologists use the most recent medical techniques to treat a wide range of paediatric skin disorders.
Dermatologists for children treat them from infancy to puberty. Despite the fact that cutaneous problems in young patients are highly common, paediatric dermatology is a relatively new field in medicine.
Typically, they offer the following services:
- The identification of a variety of skin problems, such as hemangiomas and other vascular birthmarks, pigmented birthmarks, congenital skin illnesses, eczema or atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, vitiligo, hives, and warts, to mention a few.
- Various medical/prescription treatments for ailments affecting the skin, hair, and nails are available.
- Skin biopsies, surgical removal of skin lesions (such as cysts and warts), and laser treatment of vascular birthmarks are examples of minor surgical procedures.
A variety of pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa, are studied in venereology, which is the study of venereal diseases or, more recently, sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The mode of transmission and acquisition for all of these pathogens is sexual contact between people.
Bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections are among the venereal illnesses.
HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhoea, candidiasis, herpes simplex, human papillomavirus infection, and genital scabies are a few of the serious illnesses.
Chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale, hepatitis B, and CMV infection are some other STDs that have been researched in the field.
Chemical peels can enhance the appearance of the skin.
In this procedure, the skin is exposed to a chemical solution that causes it to “blister” and finally peel off.
The new skin typically has fewer wrinkles and is smoother than the old skin. The face, neck, or hands can all be treated with chemical peels.
They may be utilised for
- Get rid of the fine wrinkles around your mouth and under your eyes.
- Treat ageing and sun-related wrinkles.
- Enhance the look of minor scars
- Treat certain forms of acne
- Reduce birth control or pregnancy-related age spots, freckles, and dark patches (melasma)
- Enhance the skin’s appearance and feel
Sun-damaged areas could become better following chemical peeling. Wear sunscreen every day because skin is momentarily more sensitive to the sun after a chemical peel.
The label should read “broad-spectrum,” which means that it shields users from both UVA and UVB rays from the sun. Additionally, it should be physical sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.
Wear a wide-brimmed hat and try to spend as little time in the sun as possible, especially between the hours of 10 am and 2 pm.
Warts are essentially an overgrowth of the skin’s surface layers brought on by an infectious viral infection.
They are referred to as papillomas in medical terminology, and depending on the particular virus strain that causes them to form, they can appear anywhere on the body.
Wart removal can be difficult, even though they are not inherently unpleasant, especially if they tend to recur regularly and occur in large numbers.
The ideal method would be quick, straightforward, require little in the way of pre- and post-treatment care, and, like any procedure, try to minimise blood loss and recovery time.
Warts and skin tags can be removed with great success using radiofrequency, often known as radio surgery or radio wave surgery. It entails the introduction of radio waves into the skin in order to remove or reshape a lesion. Warts are cauterised using radiofrequency using low-temperature, high-energy radio waves.
Without applying pressure, RF therapy can cut and coagulate simultaneously. Due to its simplicity, this process has grown in relevance. Both bleeding and downtime are minimal. There are hardly any risks or negative effects associated with radiofrequency.
Treatment for hair loss is a highly effective way to encourage hair growth in both men and women. The process prompts the dormant hair follicles to generate hair, which causes scalp regions with little or no hair to start growing new hair.
Treatment for hair loss is extremely safe because it uses your own blood, which eliminates any possibility of an allergic reaction or harmful adverse effects.
During the about one-hour procedure, micro-injection needles are used to administer a hair treatment to the places that need to be rejuvenated and where new hair needs to grow
Darker skin areas are referred to as hyperpigmented in medicine.
Excess melanin production, which can be brought on by anything from acne scars, sun damage, and hormone changes, results in these patches.
There are several various ways to address the common skin problem known as hyperpigmentation.
When bacteria, oils, and dead skin cells clog and inflame pores, the microscopic openings in your skin through which sweat and oil rise to the surface, an acne lesion (pimple) develops.
When a breakout destroys the tissues beneath the skin and penetrates deeply, scars result.
There are two primary types of acne scars: those that are elevated on the skin’s surface or those that grow when tissue is lost, leaving an indentation in the skin’s surface.
In fact, this particular sort of acne scar indicates that your skin may be functioning too effectively.
To aid in the healing of the wound caused by the acne, your skin produces collagen (also known as “repair tissue”), but if it produces too much, elevated scars result.
Acne scars can disrupt your relationships and social life as well as create psychological suffering.
Because of this, it’s critical to get rid of your acne before it has a chance to leave scars.
Consult the best skin doctor in chennai for assistance on treating acne, abide by their recommendations, and if scarring develops when it is most likely to prevent further skin damage, return for scar therapy
One of the most often performed cosmetic procedures is laser hair removal.
It directs very focused light at the hair follicles.
The follicles’ pigment absorbs light. The hair is ruined by it. The face, thigh, chin, back, arm, underarm, bikini line, and other places can all benefit from laser hair removal.
The following advantages of laser hair removal:
Precision :Dark, coarse hairs can be targeted with lasers while the surrounding skin is left unharmed.
Speed : A number of hairs can be treated simultaneously with each laser pulse, which lasts just a fraction of a second.
Every second, the laser can treat an area roughly the size of a quarter.
Large areas, like the back or legs, could take up to an hour to treat, while small parts, like the upper lip, can be treated in less than a minute.
Predictability: After an average of three to seven sessions, the majority of patients have permanent hair loss.
Acne can be effectively treated with the carbon laser peel.
The entire procedure aims to get rid of the bacteria, oil, and debris that can clog pores and lead to acne. According to doctors, it can get rid of acne that is already there and stop future breakouts for weeks or months.
If you want to treat your acne, you could require several sessions. Because the procedure is non-irritating, it doesn’t exacerbate the discomfort of inflamed skin.
Without experiencing any side effects, you can perform more carbon laser peels as needed. Peels using a carbon laser are quite gentle and completely non-invasive.
Despite some reports that the therapy causes a slight stinging sensation, the operation itself is harmless. Most folks have no aftereffects at all.
The most typical adverse reaction is a small amount of redness, which normally goes away within a day.
After just one treatment, which exfoliates the skin and clears the pores to give it an immediate appearance of brightness and clarity, you will probably see some improvement. As your skin develops more collagen and elastin over time, your results may continue to get better.