Liver Speciality Clinic
Yes. Cirrhosis develops in a small number of patients with fatty liver disease. Anyone whose liver is regularly irritated or inflamed can develop cirrhosis, even if they never drink alcohol. In fact, most patients with cirrhosis did not develop it from drinking alcohol.
What is a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease?
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the buildup of extra fat in the liver cells that is not caused by alcohol. In some patients, this fat causes the liver to be irritated or inflamed long-term inflammation of the liver. It can result in the development of scar tissue, which we call fibrosis in some patients, this can even progress to cirrhosis, which is advanced scarring of the liver.
The liver disease burden in India is enormous with 22.2 deaths/100,000 population attributed to cirrhosis by the Global Health Observatory data from the World Health Organization. It was historically thought to be of little importance, but the fatty liver disease is one of the top reasons today for liver transplant in India.
Does cirrhosis lead to liver cancer?
Unfortunately, people with cirrhosis are at an increased risk of developing a specific kind of liver cancer called hepatocellular carcinoma or HCC about eight out of a hundred people with cirrhosis will develop liver cancer. The risk varies depending on the cause of cirrhosis, gender, age, and ethnicity.
Your doctor May recommends screening tests. Every six months to look for liver cancer. This testing is usually done with an ultrasound of the belly, but can also include a blood test or an MRI. It is very important for patients with cirrhosis to undergo an HCC screening test every six months.
Can cirrhosis cause liver failure?
People with cirrhosis can develop symptoms of liver failure. We recommend at least one office visit per year with your liver doctor to monitor your condition and try to prevent symptoms. Some of these symptoms include a buildup of fluid in the belly called a Sadie’s or yellowing of the skin or eyes called jaundice
You also may start to feel confused. A condition called hepatic encephalopathy, or you may develop bleeding kidney problems or liver cancer.
What causes non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is more common If you are overweight, have diabetes, or have high levels of fats in the blood like cholesterol or triglycerides non-alcoholic fatty liver disease can also run in families. Patients who have family members with fatty liver disease are at higher risk. Some people can develop the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease even if they do not have any risk factors.